In 2013, a mandate from the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) directed federal agencies with over $100 million in R&D to require public access to articles and data resulting from grant funding. Each agency is responsible for detailing their exact requirements; often there is significant overlap between funders but there are also discipline-specific aspects of the requirements. Generally, those applying for grants will be asked to provide a greater level of detail in their data management plan.

This page will be updated as we have more information about specific policies. Please note that while we are trying our best to keep up with funder policies, this is an area that is changing very quickly. If you do not see your funder listed or have additional questions, please contact us.

Note: In the following table, (A) stands for article and (D) stands for data.

FunderFull NameMaximum Embargo PeriodAdditional content (hidden til clicked on; opens underneath)
ACL/NIDILRRAdministration for Community Living (ACL)/ National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research (NIDILRR)(A): Within 12 months
(D): Within 24 months of an award’s end date
(A): PubMed Central

(D): Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR), except longitudinal scientific data collected through the ACL/NIDILRR-funded Burn Injury, Spinal Cord Injury, and Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems, which should go to the National Statistical and Data Center of each respective model system. Each dataset must have a DOI.

Requires a data management plan from applicants.
AHRQAgency for Healthcare Research and Quality(A): Within 12 months
(D): Upon or prior to the embargo period
(A): PubMed Central

(D): Data will be submitted to a commercial repository.

Notes: AHRQ will require all research applicants to include a data management plan as a component of their grant applications or contract proposals.
AHRQ will allow the inclusion of appropriate costs for data management and access in applications and proposals for AHRQ funding.
ASPRAssistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response(A): Within 12 months
(D): 30 months from the creation of the data set or upon article publication, whichever is sooner
(A): PubMed Central

(D): "recognized scientific data repository capable of long-term preservation of the data and open access to the public"

Notes:" Where appropriate, authors are encouraged to use Federally-sponsored data repositories for publishing their digital scientific data sets and meeting their obligations under this plan."

"Affected investigators must submit to the ASPR program staff a conforming metadata document that references the ASPR funding source(s), describes the data set, and provides a URL for the location of the published data set. The metadata for scientific data will include, at a minimum, the common core metadata schema in use by the Federal government, found at https://project-open-data.cio.gov/"
CDCCenters for Disease Control and Prevention(A): Within 12 months
(D): With article publication or within 30 months of collection
(A): PubMed Central and CDC Stacks

(D): “The data set should be deposited in a sustainable repository to provide access to the data”
DODDepartment of Defense(A): Within 12 months
(D): Within a reasonable time
(A): Defense Technical Information Center

(D): No specific guidance. Digitally formatted scientific data sets should be stored and publicly accessible to search, retrieve, and analyze; publicly releasable primary data, samples, and other supporting materials created or gathered in the course of work should be publicly accessible at no more than incremental cost and within a reasonable time.

Notes: In section 15 (Timeline and Implementation), it is mentioned in FY18 that there will be a "Central data set repository" that will "deliver data sets to users". This is in contrast to the "decentralized approach for storing data in public repositories" mentioned in section 9.2. Also of note is their mention in sections 8.3.2 and 9.2 that "metadata for scientific data will include, at a minimum, common core metadata schema" htts://project-open-data.cio.gov/.
DOEDepartment of Energy(A): Within 12 months
(D): With article publication
(A): Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

(D): “Individual research offices will encourage researchers to deposit data in existing community or institutional repositories or to submit these data to the article publisher as supplemental information”
DOTDepartment of Transportation(A): Within 12 months
(D): With article publication
(A): DOT National Transportation Library (NTL) digital repository no later than 12 months following publication

(D): “In the DMP, researchers will propose their strategy(ies) to deposit Digital Data Sets resulting from DOT-funding Scientific Research in a repository that enables and allows for Public Access and sharing.”
FDAFood and Drug Administration(A): Within 12 months
(D): With article publication
(A): PubMed Central

(D): Data- or discipline-specific repositories where available. There is exploration of a data commons tool.
NASANational Aeronautics and Space Administration(A): Within 12 months

(D): At the time of publication if used in charts and figures, otherwise w/i reasonable time period after publication*
(A): NASA PubSpace
(D): The requirement for public access to sharable data may be met by including data with the publication as supplementary material, through NASA archives, or through other means, and means of access should be indicated in the published article.

Notes: *"Reasonable time period" will be defined in the final data access plan.
NIHNational Institutes of Health(A): Within 12 months
(D): At the time of article publication (appropriate timelines being explored)
(A): PubMed Central

(D): Existing NIH-funded data repositories or existing, appropriate, publicly accessible repositories

Notes: Points to NIH Public Access Policy 2008 as "meeting all the requirements of the OSTP Directive" for publications. While "Access/Sharing" is marked full here because it covers the PAP as well as data sharing -- the policy does not address OA journals.
NISTNational Institutes of Standards and Technology(A) Within 12 months
(D) With article publication
(A): NIST’s repository on PMC

(D): Metadata must be registered in NIST’s Enterprise Data Inventory and data made discoverable through data.gov
NOAANational Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration(A): Within 12 months
(D): “In timely fashion (typically within 2 years),” where timely means “no later than publication of a peer-reviewed article based on the data or two years after the data are collected and verified, or two years after the original end date of the grant, whichever is soonest.
(A): NOAA Institutional Repository

(D): “Approved submission of data to the NCEI, or to a publicly-accessible data repository approved by the funding program”
NSFNational Science Foundation(A): Within 12 months
(D): No policy yet: “Practices governing use of embargoes and delayed data release vary widely” and “should be discussed as part of the DMP”
(A): “A public access compliant repository designated by NSF”

(D): “All data resulting from the research funded by the award, whether or not the data support a publication, should be deposited at the appropriate repository as explained in the DMP.”
SISmithsonian Institution(A): 12 months or other negotiated period
(D): At article publication or another negotiated period
(A): Smithsonian Research Online (SRO) http://research.si.edu/ or CHORUS

(D): SRO, Approved external repository, CHORUS

Notes: This plan requires that an electronic copy or a link to a copy of the final accepted manuscript or the final publication (i.e., version of record) of each covered publication that meets the scope criteria above, as well as its supporting digital research data, shall be submitted to one or more Smithsonian-managed or Smithsonian-approved repositories either twelve months or another negotiated embargo period following official publication date unless a demonstrated special circumstance prevents the covered publication or supporting digital research data from being made publicly available.
USDAUS Department of Agriculture(A): Once manuscript is accepted for publication
(D): No policy yet
(A): USDA public access archive system

(D): Data must be “freely available in public repositories in machine readable formats”
USAIDUS Agency for International Development(A): Within 12 months
(D): No more than 12 months after the award completion date. For datasets underlying publications, no later than 12 months from the date of acceptance for publication
(A): Development Experience Clearinghouse (DEC)

(D): Development Data Library (DDL)
USGSUS Geological Survey(A): Not more than 12 months after the official publication date
(D): Prior to or at the time of publication
(A): USGS Publications Warehouse, As part of the USGS Bureau approval process, the full-text of all USGS final manuscripts will reside in the Information Product Data System (IPDS), a National Archives and Records Administration (NARA)-certified repository that functions in part as a dark archive for all USGS-funded information products.

(D): Data associated with USGS scholarly publications and other data approved for release are currently submitted to the internal USGS data repository most appropriate to their content, level of data management needed, and dissemination method required. A trusted third-party distribution repository may be used to increase access, but the authoritative version of the data is maintained by the USGS.

Notes: USGS data are subject to Bureau approval under FSP; once approved for release, data are made available to the public in the appropriate forms and formats free-of-charge with no embargo period. More information can be found on USGS' Data Management site.
VAUS Department of Veterans Affairs(A and clinical trial information) Within 12 months OR consistent with public interests and OMB/OSTP objectives(A): PubMed Central

(D): The results of applicable VA- funded Clinical Trials must be provided to the public through the ClinicalTrials.gov archive. Partnering with HHS, NIH, FDA, and DoD on "effective mechanisms" to make digital research data accessible to the public.

Requires a data management plan.
Agencies not subject to the OSTP memo that have data policies:

RDS gratefully acknowledges the authors of a crowdsourced table documenting these federal requirements and Columbia University’s Scholarly Communications Program; much of their content was reused and repurposed for the table above.