By Allan Barclay, Ebling Library
New Requirements to Make Work and Data More Transparent and Reusable
April 2015 – The National Science Foundation (NSF) recently released a set of public access requirements for researchers applying for grants with an effective date on or after January 2016. According to the plan, entitled Today’s Data, Tomorrow’s Discoveries, the objectives of increasing public-accessibility are to make research and data easier for other investigators and educational institutions to use, and spur innovation from these same communities.
The NSF sees these requirements as the “initial implementation” of a framework that will change and grow over time to include additional research products and degree of accessibility.
The scope of the plan is initially focused on four types of outcome products:
- Articles in peer-reviewed journals
- Papers accepted as part of juried conference proceedings
- Articles/juried papers in conference proceedings authored entirely or in part by NSF employees
- Data generated and curated as part of an NSF-required Data Management Plan (DMP).
Researchers who receive all or partial NSF funding will be required to
- Deposit either the version of record or final accepted peer-reviewed manuscript of these products in a public access compliant repository as designated by the NSF. At this time, the NSF has designated the Department of Energy’s PAGES (Public Access Gateway for Energy and Science) system as their designated repository.
- Make these outcome products freely available for download, reading and analysis no later than 12 months after initial publication.
- Provide a minimum level of machine-readable metadata with each product at the time of initial publication.
- Ensure the long-term preservation of products.
- Provide a unique persistent identifier to all products in the award annual and final reports.
The NSF expects that investigators will be able to deposit research products into the PAGES system by the end of the 2015 calendar year. Data underling journal article or conference paper findings should be deposited in a repository as specified by the publication or as described in the research proposal’s DMP.
Public access requirement specifics will be provided in future NSF documents and grant solicitations.
For more information on how these new requirements could affect your grant proposal, contact the solicitation’s Cognizant Program Officer or the UW-Madison’s Research Data Services.
Due to server maintenance, the DMPTool will be unavailable on Saturday, October 18, from 10:00 p.m. (CST) until 2:00 a.m. (CST), October 19.
DMPTool is an online tool that helps researchers develop data management plans. For more information or to use the tool, see http://researchdata.wisc.edu/make-a-plan/dmptool
DOE Public Access Plan: Scientific Publications & Data Management Plan
September 11, 2014 from 11:00-12:15pm
Engineering Hall, Room 3609
L&S Pre-Award Services, together with CALS, Engineering and RSP, is hosting an informational presentation on this new DOE requirement. Presenters include Julie Schneider from the Ebling Library, and Ryan Schryer and Brianna Marshall from UW Research Data Services. Those who submit proposals to and have award funding from the DOE should attend.
Please register at the OHRD link
25 September 2014, 10 am EDT (UTC-4)
Please register in advance for this free webinar.
ORCID is partnering with the Health Research Alliance, a consortium of biomedical research foundations, to host a free webinar on how funders are using ORCID identifiers in their workflows and systems. The webinar will feature presentations by leaders at private and public funding organizations in the U.S. and Europe. Join us to learn why funders are integrating ORCID identifiers into common CV platforms, mandating use during grant submission, and leveraging identifiers to improve tracking and evaluation.
For University of Wisconsin researchers who rely on Department of Energy federal grants, the other shoe has dropped. To be precise, the DoE’s “shoe” or plan to increase access to the works and data of its federally-funded investigators is one of approximately thirteen plans many federal agencies will likely be announcing in the next several weeks. In February 2013, the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy issued a memo (known as the OSTP memo) that required all agencies that fund over $100 million in research annually to create a plan to allow greater public access to its’ researchers’ work and data after a 12 month embargo period. The Washington Post’s recent article on the announcement indicates that this particular plan is not without its detractors.
RDS will be covering the release of all OSTP Memo plans as they are announced.
Due to the lapse in government funding, the websites and business applications of govenment-funders like National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, and NASA, including FastLane and Research.gov, will be unavailable until further notice.
What does this mean to you?
- No new funding opportunities will be issued, proposal downloads from Grants.gov will not take place.
- No new CGIs will be awarded.
- Any linked data or applications built on government agency APIs might stop working.
For more information:
- See the NSF, NIH, Grants.gov, NOAA, and USA.gov websites
- Locate updates regarding government operating status and resumption of normal operations at the U.S. Office of Personnel Management website.
- Call the Office of the Inspector General at 1-800-428-2189 in cases of imminent threat to life or property.
Note: Links on this page are currently redirecting to an archived version due to the uncertainty around policy at this time.
On February 22, 2013, John Holdren, director of the White House’s Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP), released a policy memorandum directing all federal agencies with R&D programs in excess of $100 million to develop plans within 6 months that require their federally-funded researchers to make their results freely available to other researchers and the general public within one year of publication. The directive also requires researchers to manage the digital data resulting from their work and make it accessible.
The memo titled “Increasing Access to the Results of Federally Funded Scientific Research” calls for these plans to:
- Focus on “the direct results” of funding, including final peer-reviewed manuscripts or final published documents, which would have to be made accessible within a 12-month embargo period
- Include data that could be used to validate research findings
- Facilitate “easy” public search, access and analysis to these publications and data on a long-term basis
- Include public access to the metadata used for both publications and data
- Support proprietary (IP) or confidential information policies as already proscribed by law.
The list of federal agencies affected by this directive likely includes: the ARHQ, CDC, DoD, Department of Education, Department of Energy, EPA, FAA, FDA, FHWA, NASA, NIH, NIST, NOAA, NSF, USAID, USDA, USGS, VA, and the Smithsonian. This list has not been confirmed by the OSTP.
This move was not a surprise to the many researchers who saw the National Institutes of Health 2008 Public Access Policy as a test-bed that would eventually include other agencies. Still, many observers wonder how the logistics of storing and providing access to a potentially vast amount of information will evolve at a time when many of these funders face possible budget cuts. The current directive does not provide any additional funding for expanding research access. The directive is part of a larger OSTP initiative on Promoting Open Data, Open Science, and Open Government.